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Knitted Knitted is considered the process of fabric construction interlooping  yarn loops with needles. The most essential unit in a knit fabric is the loop. A vertical row of stitches is called a WALE; the horizontal or crosswise row of stitches is COURSE. The number of wales per inch, measured across the fabric depends on the count or size of the yarn used, and the number of needles per inch in the machine. The two major classes of knitting are WARP and WEFT.